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Question: Someone gives me a car to sell. I park it outside my home with the FOR SALE sign. A customer comes to see the car and unfortunately I misplace the key. Now, who is responsible for making a new key?

Is it my responsibility or the owner should make a new key?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In this transaction you are Wakīl bil Bay‘. While the car is in your possession, it is in the ruling of Wadī‘ah (safekeeping). This means that it is an amānah in your hands. If the car or any part of it is destroyed due to negligence from your side, then you will be responsible. However, if there was no negligence from your side, then you are not responsible to cover up the loss.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Faisal bin Abdul Hameed,
Student Darul Iftaa
Montréal, Canada

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1]  المال الذي قبضه الوكيل بالبيع والشراء وإيفاء الدين واستيفائه وقبض العين من جهة الوكالة في حكم الوديعة في يده فإذا تلف بلا تعد ولا تقصير لا يلزم الضمان (مجلة الأحكام العدلية (ص: 284) نور محمد، كارخانه تجارتِ كتب، آرام باغ،كراتشي)

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